How to guide for productions This toolkit is compiled and designed for user-friendly access for all industry members, in order to decrease a film's carbon footprint and become a more sustainable production.
This green-production toolkit will follow the four key areas, namely 1 - fossil fuels, 2 - pre-production, facilities and administration, 3 - production and waste generation and 4 - distribution and promotion.
Mainly makes use of public transport and carpooling.
Reduce transport distances.
Try to lessen or eliminate unnecessary air travel.
Encourage the crew to use cars with fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly engines.
Encourage cast and crew to use bikes.
Find convenient locations - that are not too far to travel and not far apart.
Combine travel for orders, equipment and apparel transport, and shipment.
Never have a running engine when a car is in idle.
Hire sustainable transport, such as hybrid cars and electric cars.
Never use transport when unnecessary.
1.2Electricity use and or generator use
Reduce energy use.
Eliminate unnecessary energy use.
Reduce energy use in air-conditioned trailers.
Plan shoots at daylight - to make use of natural lighting.
Be energy efficient by using LED lamps and turning off lights when unused.
Additional sustainable lighting options are Plasma, solar and fluorescent.
Try to configure computers and laptops as energy-efficient as possible.
Use energy suppliers that provide eco-conscious/green electricity and gas.
Try not to use air conditioning but fans instead.
The possibility of installing solar panels.
Make use of renewable energy, solar generators or if that is not possible electric generators rather than diesel/petrol generators.
Make use of electricity from the grid.
If you still need to use a standard generator, see if you can fuel it with HVO biodiesel - HVO biodiesel is produced from 100% certified waste streams and is 90% carbon neutral.
On location, try to connect to the grid or use electric generators and battery packs or, better, more renewable solutions like solar or wind power and solar generators.
Do not have two generators on set.
Use reflectors rather than lights.
Eliminate unnecessary shipments by reducing equipment, gear and apparel or locally sourced equipment and apparel.
Reduce the use of materials and apparel.
2. Pre-production, facilities and administration
2.1 Housing and accommodation
Rent out a house rather than accommodation for individual crew and cast members.
Stay at sustainable accommodations.
Before renting out accommodation, research if they are eco-conscious and provide sustainable solutions - recycling, bamboo towels, etc.
Reduce paper consumption.
Recycle any paper used.
Print and use recyclable paper.
Print double-sided and choose the option “eco printing” if your printer supports it.
Use eco-ink and refillable cartridges.
Print signage on paper or other biodegradable material instead of plastic.
Work digitally - share documents through Dropbox, Google Drive, or on your own server.
Do not print any call sheets, scripts and script changes anymore, but e-mail them.
Use scripts on tablets or phones.
Use erasable boards for planning - use whiteboards or chalkboards.
Note the impact on your location and if any special rules apply, for example, in a nature reserve. Think about sound and exhaust levels.
Collaborate with a specialist if possible.
Acquire a local shooting location.
Try to minimalise any damage and disruption to the environment and biodiversity.
Leave the location as you found it.
2.4 Equipment hire and usage
Reduce use of unnecessary gear.
Use equipment that uses low energy consumption.
Reduce energy use on this equipment.
Use LED lighting and low-energy lighting options.
Minimise energy by using eco-friendly equipment and or less equipment use.
Opting for digital filming.
Use rechargeable batteries where possible.
Recycle any used disposable batteries.
Recycle any broken hard drives (and any other electrics that are no longer working).
When travelling, rent local equipment rather than shipping equipment.
Use sustainable and eco-conscious products, equipment and gear.
2.5 Crew and cast, vendors and recruitment
Encourage digital communication and work digitally.
Recruitment is done digitally to reduce travel and unnecessary fossil fuels.
Recruit cast and crew locally.
Work with sustainable and eco-conscious companies.
Create crew environmental ethical, and sustainable awareness.
Appoint a sustainability manager.
Share knowledge and sustainable innovation.
Use sustainable vendors and additional options.
3. Production and waste generation
Encourage organic or (partially) vegetarian catering.
Reduce the use of cutlery, food, packaging and utensils.
Reuse the cutlery, packaging and utensils.
Recycle the cutlery, packaging and utensils.
Used biodegradable cutlery, packaging and utensils.
Compose and donate leftover food and coffee/tea.
Introduce a “veggie day” or offer a vegetarian options each day.
Healthy meal options.
Premade meals with sustainable packaging and cutlery.
Use food with the correct labels - such as MSC fish quality label, Fair Trade, Beter Leven and EKO.
Make good deals with a wholesaler that purchases sustainably.
Throw away as little as possible and be creative by creating a new meal out of the leftovers.
Arrange sustainable containers for leftovers that the crew can take home at the end of the day.
Rather than plastic and polystyrene use materials such as bamboo, plant-based and compostables for packaging.
Replace plastic straws with glass or metal straws.
Provide reusable mugs for coffee and water.
Avoid wrapping individual foods or snacks in plastic.
Use delegated bins for any kitchen waste - peelings, packaging, etc.
Provide vegetarian meals, meals made from free-range or sustainably sourced produce.
Buy produce in bulk - since bulk lessens packaging.
3.2 Plastic bottled water use and on-location water use
Recycle single-use plastic.
Avoid single plastic use.
Make use of reusable water bottles and cups.
Use compostable disposable cups.
Use reusable water bottles and portable refill stations.
Use eco-conscious and vegan clothing and make-up options.
Use CGI and VFX when it calls for less damaging environmental impacts - for an instant, an explosion could rather be made digitally than disrupt nature.
3.4 Waste and disposal
Encourage waste sorting.
Recycle all that can be recycled.
Compost leftover food that can not be taken home or donated.
Store production design, equipment, cutlery, utensils and any other apparel for later use.
When on location use an economical vacuum toilet trailer or the WC Flex for the bathroom.
Use ecological detergents and cleaning products without chemicals.
Separate your waste - plastic, paper, glass, organic waste, batteries.
Use only non-toxic, biodegradable cleaning products.
Bulk purchasing so you have less packaging material.
Do not use disposable wipes but use washable sponges and dishcloths.
Clean any oil spills immediately and prevent them from sinking into the soil.
Minimise consumption and rather hire items instead.
Further use correct eco-conscious disposal.
4. Distribution and promotion
4.1 Events, film festivals and advertising
Reduce travel and materials used.
Reduce energy and water use.
Recycle or reuse any necessary items.
Share eco-conscious and sustainable knowledge/innovation.
Print advertising materials on recyclable paper and dispose of them correctly.
Reduce energy use.
Reduce travel use.
Digital communication and distribution.
Work digitally, share documents through Dropbox, Google Drive, or on your own server.
Produce sustainable and eco-friendly merchandising.
Similar to above - reduce travel and materials used, energy and water usage when producing them and recycle or reuse any necessary items.
Reinforce sustainable shipment.
*Remember to state at the beginning/end of your film that sustainable practices and eco-conscious workflows were used during the production process. This could provide additional environmental awareness to the audiences, evoke eco-friendly curiosity and could lead to the audience's eco-conscious debate and perspectives.
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